HPV World Championship Mannheim 2017
Rules for land competitions

The HPV World Championships 2017 -  rules for land competition



The World Championships 2017 are one part of the 200 anniversary of the bike. It is a unique chance to show vehicle diversity on one hand and on the other hand to celebrate those who are riding many different vehicles. Hence, HPV Germany e.V. would show our respect to ALL the different riders and celebrate not only ONE person as a champion but we would like to celebrate MANY champions!





Considering the worldwide public interest in the 200 years jubilee of the invention of the first bike by Baron Karl von Drais, the HPV Competition Rules are intended to:


(i) Create an atmosphere of sportsmanship, equality, and fair play;


(ii) Provide safety and protection;


(iii) Emphasize ingenuity and skill without unduly limiting the athlete’s freedom of action;


(iv) Penalize athletes who gain an unfair advantage.


At the HPV World Championship in Mannheim the rules of WHPVA apply. Additionally the rules of the German BDR (Bund Deutscher Radfahrer) were also taken into account for some cases. In addition and for clarification, the following rules are established for the event.


1. Proceedings and Race Management


1.   Registration


Personal Registration will take place on Friday, 09 June 2017 from 10am onwards, at the HPV registration desk in Mannheim/cycling track.


·         At registration, every participant will be additionally informed about these rules. Every rider is expected to be acquainted with the rules.


·         The riders will receive a registration packet containing the race numbers.


·         The security check of vehicles and helmet will be performed at registration.


·         The competition category (see chapter 3) is determined during vehicle check. If the rider intends to use different configurations of the vehicle for particular races, all configurations must be presented during vehicle check.


2.   Briefing


Make sure to be present at race briefings. Usually a briefing will take place before a competition starts. Look for announcements / HPV information desk.


3.   Races


The HPV World Championship 2017 will consist of five races:


1.   Hill race standing start


2.   333 m sprint flying start


3.   1000 m sprint standing start


4.   Criterium 1 hour standing start


5.   100 km long distance race standing start


IMPORTANT: If it rains or moisture makes the race-bike-track unsafe to use, the 333-m- and 1000-m-races will be replaced by one 200-m-race at the “Maimarkt airport”-course in Mannheim after the 1-h-race.




4.   Start


The riders have to be present at the start not later than 10 minutes before their individual start.


Excepting the 333 m sprint, all races are performed with a standing start. Help of a third person at the start is allowed.


5.   Finish


After the run, the race track has to be cleared immediately. Instructions of HPV racing committee and HPV observers must be followed at any time.


6.   Officials


An HPV Racing Committee is established for the event.


·         The HPV racing committee is responsible for all race affairs.


·         If any rules or regulations are unclear, riders should contact the committee at any time during the event.


·         The committee decides authoritatively if an interpretation of these rules is needed.


7.   Timing and Results


1.   Timing


Electronic timing will be used.


·         Make sure to return the transponder after the race;


·         Every rider is responsible for appropriately fixing the transponder;


·         Be present sufficiently early before the start, so you can test the transponder.


2.   Results


The organisation doesn’t appoint over-all-world championship-winners. All classes/categories and gender will be scored separately.


The racing committee will publish official results as soon after the race as possible.


3.   Protests


Protests may be delivered within one hour after the announcement of the official race result. The HPV Racing Committee will choose an independent witness who is able to verify the statements realistically and comprehensibly.


After expiration of one hour, no amendments to the result are possible.


4.   Penalties


Failure to comply with these rules may result in an athlete being verbally warned, punished with a time penalty, or disqualified. Particulars are listed in the appendix.


·         The nature of the rule violation will determine the subsequent penalty;


·         A disqualification will occur for very serious violations of the competition rules;


·         The officials are allowed to assess penalties, even if the infringement is not listed, if the official deems an unfair advantage has been gained, or if a dangerous situation has been created intentionally.


During a race factual decisions will be announced immediately by appropriate means as e.g. by whistling, hand signals, or flag signals. These announcements have to be accepted by the participant immediately. Protests may be filed only after the race.


Possible reasons for penalties you find in the appendix.


2. Security and Conduct


1.   Self-Sufficiency


In case of mechanical failure or crash, the riders must be able to free themselves from the vehicle without assistance.


2.   Race Numbers


The race numbers from the registration packet have to be fixed conspicuously at the vehicle. They must be visible from both sides of the vehicle.


3.   Bike helmets


All riders shall wear helmets during all competition. Helmets must meet the standards of a nationally accredited testing facility of any WHPVA member country, especially with a hard polycarbonate plastic shell. A helmet i.e. made out of leather (or “plastic”) "hairnet" style explicit isn‘t allowed.


4.   Vehicle Safety


All vehicles must have a safe means of stopping.


A chainguard is compulsory except when the chainring is inside a fairing or protected by the frame.


Sources of danger on the bike must be avoided. Open tubes must be closed. Sharp-edged parts have to be removed or covered with a protection.


Vehicles may be disqualified from competition due to inadequate braking capability, lack of stability, poor visibility, presence of dangerous protrusions, or other unsafe design features.


5.   Transfer of risk


Participants are riding on their own risk. They will be required to sign a waiver at registration. Participants up to 18 years need a written permission of a parent or responsible guardian.


6.   Passing


Riders are required to use the inner side of the racetrack as close as possible. Passing riders bear responsibility for the passing process AT ANY TIME.


7.   Change of vehicle or rider


No change of riders or removal of riders is permitted during a race. Nor is a change of vehicles permitted during a race. This also relates to identical vehicles.


Malfunctions may to be repaired during the race. If no repair is possible, the number of entire ridden laps is counted for ranking.


8.   Behaviour


A sportive and respectable behaviour is very important for the public acceptance. Therefore, non-sportive behaviour will be sanctioned by the racing committee.


An athlete is not permitted to:


·         Block other athletes;


·         Cycle with a bare torso or with unsuitable pants (BDR rule);


·         Behave indecently in gesture or verbal expressions.


Athletes are to refrain from dangerous behaviour:


·         Athletes must obey the specific traffic regulations for the event;


·         Instructions of the racing committee or of the HPV observers must be obeyed.


Athletes must not use drugs or other substances designed to enhance athletic performance that may be defined as illegal by the International Olympic Committee at the time of the event.


9.   Auxiliary drives


No electrical or other auxiliary drives are allowed.


3. Competition Categories


1.   Categorizing riders and vehicles


There will be separate competition categories by vehicle class, vehicle category, age group and gender. If less than three participants have applied for a competition category, the racing committee can decide to merge categories.


2.   Vehicle Classes


1.   Unfaired (UF)


The vehicle construction shall be such that its shape does not overtly direct airflow around the rider's body, nor attempt to reattach the airflow behind the rider by use of tail fairing devices. The only exception is being the use of an aerodynamic shaped helmet. The vehicle can incorporate aerodynamic fairings to make its structure and components more aerodynamic. Allowed fairings are: rotating wheel covers and splitter plates.


2.   Partly faired (PF)


A fairing is allowed either in front or in the back of the rider. A fairing must not extend more than 5 cm beyond the rider’s torso. Aerodynamic helmets, disk wheels and splitter plates are allowed.


3.   Full faired (FF)


Every bike, which does not fall in the classes of unfaired or partly faired, is considered full faired.


4.   Classification issues


If a dispute arises, the racing committee is entitled to authoritatively decide on the classification of the bike.


3.   Vehicle Categories


The following vehicle categories will exist:


        Two-wheeled recumbent bikes;




        Full faired bikes – multi and single track full faired bikes will be one class (i.e. Velomobiles, Recumbents);


        Rowing bikes;


              Every day recumbent cyclists (single track recumbents with rack, lights etc.);


        Tandems (including: recumbents, rowing bikes, trikes, velomobiles).


4.   Age and Gender Groups


        Junior: 0 up to 16 years;


        Adults: 16+ years.


        Male / female.


4. Races


1.   Hill race standing start


The hill race takes place on a track of roughly 5.4 km and 340 m altitude difference.


Starting point will be in the municipality of Dossenheim (+/-10km out of Mannheim). Riders will start within an individual time frame established beforehand.


Directly at the start there will be NO possibility to warm up.


Drafting is not permitted.


2.   333 m sprint flying start


The 333 m sprint will take place on a closed course of 333m length.


Riders will start within an individual time frame established beforehand.


A maximum run-up of 1000 meters (3 laps) for the 333 m sprint is permitted.


3.   1000 m sprint standing start


The 1000 m sprint (standing start) will take place on a closed course of 333 m length. This means a total of 3 laps.


Riders will start within an individual time frame established beforehand.


200-m-sprint standing start


If rain or moisture makes the race-biketrack inusable, the 333-m- and 1000-m-races will be replaced by one 200-m-race at the “airport-course” in Mannheim. For this race the same rules apply than for 333- and 1000-m-race.


4.   Criterium (60 min.) standing start


The race will take place on a closed street course of roughly 1,6 km.


A starting grid will be established based on the results of the previous races. If a vehicle requires help for starting it will be placed at the back of the grid.


Drafting is allowed.


The last lap is heralded when the fastest rider has completed the next-to-last lap. The race is completed when the fastest has crossed the finish line the first time after 1-h. The other participants are finishing their last lap.


The ranking is determined by the number of laps covered and the time behind the winner. A ranked list is created in the first instance according to laps, then to time residue.


5.   100-km-long-distance-race standing start


The race will take place on a closed street course of roughly 2,6 km.


The last lap is heralded when the fastest rider has completed the next-to-last lap. The race is completed when the fastest has crossed the finish line after 100 km (i.e. ~40 laps). The other participants are finishing their last lap.


Otherwise the same rules are valid as for the 1 hour race.


5. Prizes and Awards


The fastest rider of every race and gender within the classes of UF, PF and FF (and other classes like trike, HF etc.) will be named World Champion. Second and third places will be awarded.


The organizers want to minimize greenhouse gases. Therefore, the longest journey of a participant by bike will be honoured and presented.





1.   Time punishments


Time punishments will be accumulated during a race.


·         Time punishments of two minutes (for the 1 h race) up to 5 minutes (for the 100 km race) will be fined for unfair and dangerous passing of other participants.


·         Time punishments of one minute (for all races) or one placement worse for not leaving the finish area immediately.


2.   Warnings


Warnings will be given for


·         Casting away vehicle parts, helmet and other things during races.


·         Dangerous riding.


·         Not following instructions of race committee or observers.


·         Invisibility of starting number at body and/or vehicle.


·         Queue jumping during starting line-up.


·         Non-sportive behaviour.


3.   Disqualifications


In general, the third warning in total during the event will automatically lead to disqualification of the rider.


Immediate disqualification can be imposed for


·         Drug abuse.


·         Taking off the helmet during racing.


·         Riding against the riding direction including endangerment of other riders.


·         Changing the configuration of the vehicle after official vehicle check.


·         Indicating a wrong age.


·         Auxiliary drive.


·         Insult, threat, incorrect behaviour towards public or race committee.


·         Dismounting chain ring protection.


·         Assaulting other persons.


·         Wearing of a helmet which did not pass official entry control.


·         Insufficient brakes/brake system.


·         Premeditative dangerous way of riding.


·         Change of vehicle during race without announcement towards race committee.


·         Change of a rider on same vehicle during a race.


Should a breach of regulations become known before the announcement of the World Champion, a participant may be disqualified by the race committee.




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